Retrofit with Kotlin Coroutines

Authors
  • Amit Shekhar
    Name
    Amit Shekhar
    Published on
Retrofit with Kotlin Coroutines

I am Amit Shekhar, a mentor helping developers in getting high-paying tech jobs.

In this blog, we will learn how to use Retrofit with Kotlin Coroutines in Android. We will learn to write the code inside the ViewModel with Kotlin Coroutines that follows a basic MVVM Architecture.

I will be using the following project for the implementation part. The project follows a basic MVVM Architecture for simplicity. You can find the complete code for the implementation mentioned in this blog in the project itself.

GitHub Project: Learn Kotlin Coroutines

First, we need to set up our dependencies for the Retrofit as below:

implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit:2.9.0'
implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:converter-gson:2.9.0'

Note: Always check for the latest available version.

As I am using the Gson to parse JSON into Java and Kotlin classes, I have added the dependency for the Gson. You can add based on your requirement.

Now, create the data class ApiUser as below:

data class ApiUser(
    @SerializedName("id")
    val id: Int = 0,
    @SerializedName("name")
    val name: String = "",
    @SerializedName("email")
    val email: String = "",
    @SerializedName("avatar")
    val avatar: String = ""
)

Now, we need to create the ApiService interface required for Retrofit.

interface ApiService {

    @GET("users")
    suspend fun getUsers(): List<ApiUser>

    @GET("more-users")
    suspend fun getMoreUsers(): List<ApiUser>

    @GET("error")
    suspend fun getUsersWithError(): List<ApiUser>

}

Note: We have used suspend keyword to support Coroutines so that we can call it from a Coroutine or another suspend function.

After this, we will be needing a class RetrofitBuilder which will be a Singleton.

object RetrofitBuilder {

    private const val BASE_URL = "https://5e510330f2c0d300147c034c.mockapi.io/"

    private fun getRetrofit(): Retrofit {
        return Retrofit.Builder()
            .baseUrl(BASE_URL)
            .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create())
            .build()
    }

    val apiService: ApiService = getRetrofit().create(ApiService::class.java)

}

Then, we will create an interface ApiHelper.

interface ApiHelper {

    suspend fun getUsers(): List<ApiUser>

    suspend fun getMoreUsers(): List<ApiUser>

    suspend fun getUsersWithError(): List<ApiUser>

}

Note: Again, we have used suspend keyword to support Coroutines so that we can call it from a Coroutine or another suspend function.

After that, we will create a class ApiHelperImpl that implements the ApiHelper interface.

class ApiHelperImpl(private val apiService: ApiService) : ApiHelper {

    override suspend fun getUsers() = apiService.getUsers()

    override suspend fun getMoreUsers() = apiService.getMoreUsers()

    override suspend fun getUsersWithError() = apiService.getUsersWithError()

}

Once we've done that, we can create the instance of ApiHelper as below:

val apiHelper = ApiHelperImpl(RetrofitBuilder.apiService)

Finally, we can pass this instance wherever required, for example to the ViewModel, and make the network call to get the users from the network as below:

class SingleNetworkCallViewModel(private val apiHelper: ApiHelper, private val dbHelper: DatabaseHelper) : ViewModel() {

    init {
        fetchUsers()
    }

    private fun fetchUsers() {
        viewModelScope.launch {
            try {
                val usersFromApi = apiHelper.getUsers()
                // list of users from the network
            } catch (e: Exception) {
                // handle exception
            }
        }
    }

}

This way, we are able to fetch the data from the network using Retrofit with Kotlin Coroutines in Android.

I must mention that you can learn much more from the GitHub repository that I mentioned above in this blog. You can learn the following:

  • Making network calls in series using Retrofit with Kotlin Coroutines.
  • Making multiple network calls in parallel using Retrofit with Kotlin Coroutines.

This is how we can use Retrofit with Kotlin Coroutines in Android.

Master Kotlin Coroutines from here: Mastering Kotlin Coroutines

That's it for now.

Thanks

Amit Shekhar

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