Android NDK and RenderScript
- Amit Shekhar
- Published on
I am Amit Shekhar, I have taught and mentored many developers, and their efforts landed them high-paying tech jobs, helped many tech companies in solving their unique problems, and created many open-source libraries being used by top companies. I am passionate about sharing knowledge through open-source, blogs, and videos.
Before we start, I would like to mention that, I have released a video playlist to help you crack the Android Interview: Check out Android Interview Questions and Answers.
In this blog, we will be comparing Android NDK and RenderScript. Both NDK and RenderScript share the common goal of improving the performance of applications. Each has its own advantages and drawbacks.
As per official documentation, The Native Development Kit (NDK) is a set of tools that allow you to leverage C and C++ code in your Android app. You can use it to build from your own source code or to take advantage of existing prebuilt libraries.
I must say that the NDK is not that easy for those who have just started with Android Development as when it comes to implementation, NDK brings complexity to the development process.
But it can be useful in cases in which you need to:
- Get the extra performance out of a device for computationally intensive applications like games or physics simulations.
- Reuse your C or C++ libraries.
RenderScript is a framework for running computationally intensive tasks at high performance on Android.
RenderScript mainly uses for the data-parallel computation, however, the serial computationally intensive workloads can benefit as well.
The RenderScript runtime will parallelize work across all processors available on a device such as multi-core CPUs and GPUs allowing you to focus on expressing algorithms rather than scheduling work or load balancing.
RenderScript is especially useful for applications performing image processing, computational photography, or computer vision.
To begin with RenderScript, there are two main concepts you should understand:
- High-performance compute kernels are written in a C99-derived language.
- A Java API is used for managing the lifetime of RenderScript resources and controlling kernel execution.
How NDK and RenderScript differ
As we know both NDK and RenderScript share the common goal of improving the performance of applications. However, each has its own advantages and drawbacks.
Advantages of NDK over RenderScript:
- C++ code can be shared between Android and IOS, whereas RenderScript code can be used only in Android.
- Easy integration with other C++ libraries.
- No API limitations, while Android provides only a few API for RenderScript.
- Debugging is easier.
Advantages of RenderScript over NDK:
- RenderScript can use CPU, GPU, or other processing units, which leads to a huge performance benefit.
- Android architecture independence across x86, mips, and intel, whereas NDK code, needs to be compiled for each different architecture.
- Easier parallel execution.
- Best for image processing, computational photography, 3D rendering, or computer vision.
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